The impact of WTO on China's printing industry

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The impact of WTO on China's printing industry

what is the impact on China's printing industry after China's entry into WTO? This is the concern of many people in the printing industry. This problem should be analyzed from the relevant provisions of WTO

Tariff adjustment is the main content of WTO. In terms of trade, the average tariff rate is required to be 3% - 6%. At present, China has reduced from 43% to about 17%. The China US agreement proposed that the tariff rate of industrial products "should be reduced to the overall level of 9.4%". China will significantly reduce tariffs on timber and paper industry to about 5-7.5%; In recent years, the actual tariff rate of printing equipment and equipment in China has been very low. The import tax rates of laser typesetter, paper and lithographic printer are 16%, 12 ~ 25% and 22% respectively. However, according to the relevant documents of the State Council and the General Administration of customs, the import of equipment that cannot be produced in China is exempted, including lithographic offset printing machines with a printing speed of 15000 sheets per hour and rotary offset printing machines with a printing speed of more than 60000 sheets per hour. From this point of view, the reduction of tariffs has some impact on the paper industry and printing equipment manufacturing industry, but the impact is small; For printing enterprises, it is beneficial

after China's entry into WTO, will the massive import of books and periodicals have an impact on China's printing industry? For this point, we should understand it from the special attributes of books and periodicals. Books and periodicals have not only commodity attributes, but also cultural and political attributes. At present, China implements the fixed-point license system for book and newspaper printing, and the printing business of fixed-point enterprises is relatively stable. Besides, in order to build socialist spiritual civilization, China will have strict restrictions on the content of imported books and periodicals. For the vast majority of countries that have joined WTO at present, the cultural product market is also treated as a special case. Among the 135 WTO members, only about 20 countries have fully developed the cultural product market

in this way, after joining WTO, it will only have a positive impact on China's printing industry, not a negative impact. The printing industry is happy to go to 10 provinces for special spot checks? No

since the implementation of reform and opening up in China, the influx of foreign-funded printing enterprises has made domestic printing enterprises feel obvious pressure. After China's accession to the WTO, although China will restrict the increase of printing "three capital" enterprises, the aggressive competitiveness of "three capital" printing enterprises cannot be underestimated. At present, there are more than 2000 "three capital" printing enterprises in China, of which nearly 45% are in Guangdong. In 1998, there were 177 "foreign-funded" printing enterprises in Shanghai, accounting for only 4.3% of the total number of printing enterprises in Shanghai, but the sales output value accounted for 28.5% and the total profit accounted for 32.4%. International Printing giants such as Donnelly, Jinguang, Huihao and Lianhe have entered the Chinese market. Foreign funded enterprises began to do waste acquisition business. Generally speaking, the production efficiency is high, the printing quality is excellent, the printing technology is advanced, the operation mechanism is flexible, and the social burden is light. Compared with domestic printing enterprises, the advantages of foreign-funded printing enterprises are obvious

after China's entry into WTO, the greater pressure on the domestic printing industry is also manifested in packaging and printing. The increase in imports of foreign products to China will appear in foreign-funded packaging and printing enterprises with wholly-owned factories in China, which will occupy part of the market share and intensify the competitiveness of the domestic printing market. At the same time, the export of China's products will also increase, and the requirements for the packaging and printing quality of export products will be correspondingly improved. If domestic printing enterprises do not improve the quality and efficiency, then "fat water" will flow into the fields of foreign-funded printing enterprises

after China's entry into the WTO, it will not only bring prosperity to China's economy, but also have a certain impact on culture. As a printing enterprise, which has both economic and cultural attributes, it will face an increasing number of printing businesses with high quality requirements after mechanical analysis. Whether it can adapt to the needs of the new situation will be a test for China's printing industry. Unemployment is a problem that may be detrimental to the convergence and development of industries after China's entry into WTO, and the printing industry is no exception. In the past, the printing industry in China used to be mainly manual. Now, although mechanization is dominant, manual operation is not completely separated, and the labor cost occupied by mechanical operation is also large. After China's entry into WTO, the fierce competition forced some workers to face unemployment. How to digest the printing industry should also be paid attention to

on the whole, China's accession to WTO has both advantages and disadvantages for the printing industry. The printing industry must take countermeasures to promote the advantages and eliminate the disadvantages, transform the negative effects into positive ones, and strive for survival and development

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